- Man inhabits the Tabon caves for about 40,000 years ago
- Chinese contact in the Philippines thru trading.
- Islam came in the Philippines via trade.
- Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the island of Homonhon and claims the archipelago for the King of Spain.
- Cebu became the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines thru Miguel Lopez de Legazpi
- Manila became the capital city of the Philippines (June 24).
- The Dutch attempt to take the Philippines and are repulsed by the Spanish navy.
- The British occupy Manila.
- Birth of Jose P. Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.
- Birth of Andres Bonifacio, Founder of Katipunan.
- Andres Bonifacio founded the Katipunan a secret society aiming for the separation of the Philippines from Spain.
- The Cry of Pugadlawin. Andres Bonifacio gathers his leaders at a meeting in Balintawak, after which they proceeded to Pugadlawin where they agree to fight the war until the end.
- Dr, Jose P. Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan, now called Luneta.
- A truce ends Filipino-Spanish hostilities.
- The American Congress declares a state of war between the United States and Spain.
- Commodore George Dewey attacks and destroys Spanish fleet in Manila Bay.
- Declaration of Philippine independence in Kawit, Cavite; Constitutional government is established with Emilio F. Aguinaldo as the first President.
- Emilio Aguinaldo establishes a republican government.
- The Treaty of Paris ending the war between the Spanish and the United States is signed. Spain cedes Philippines to the United States, thus ending the 333 years of Spanish occupation.
- The Philippine-American war breaks out.
- General Emilio Aguinaldo is captured in Palanan, Isabela.
- Filipino armed resistance against the Americans ends.
- Manuel L. Quezon is inaugurated President of the Commonwealth Government on Nov. 15.
- Japanese bombers attack the Philippines
- The Fall of Bataan. During the Death March, 70,000 prisoners walk approximately 120 km. to Cappas, Tarlac.
- The Fall of Corregidor. Japanese occupies the Philippines.
- Jose P. Laurel is proclaimed President of the Japanese- sponsored Philippine Republic.
- Leyte landing of General Douglas MacArthur.
- Liberation of the Philippines from Japan.
- Manuel A. Roxas is inaugurated President of the Philippine Republic on July 4 after 48 years of American colonial rule.
- Elpidio Quirino is elected President. Continues rebuilding the country devastated by war.
- Ramon F. Magsaysay is elected President; he is acclaimed as man of the masses. His death in a plane crash on March 17, 1957 is widely mourned by the country.
- Carlos P. Garcia becomes President upon Magsaysay’s death. Elected in November 1957. He formulates and implements the Filipino First policy.
- Diosdado P. Macapagal, elected President, implements a Land Reform Program. He Changes the date of the Philippine independence from July 4 to June 12.
- Senator Ferdinand E. Marcos is elected President of the Philippines and reelected in 1969.
- Marcos declares Martial Law.
- Senator Benigno S. Aquino, opposition leader, is gunned down upon arrival in Manila.
- A snap presidential election is held contested by Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino. Aquino is declared winner by the NAMFREL but Marcos is proclaimed winner by the National Assembly despite widespread protest.
- People Power Revolution. Marcos is deposed by a massive show of People Power. Corazon C. Aquino takes her oath of office as Ppresident of the Republic. Marcos leaves the country. Aquino restores democratic institutions in the country.
Reference from Directories Philippines Corporation.
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